How to draw Abstract Art Pastel Pictures
Pastel (from the latin word pasta – dough) – a set of artistic materials used in printmaking and painting. According to Art theories drawing with pastels onto paper goes to printmaking department.
Pastel comes to two different types – dry and oil. Oil pastels consists of pressing dye pigments and flax oil. Dry pastels are manifactured the same way but flax oil is excluded.
Most common way of drawing with pastels goes onto colored paper. White paper makes it harder for an artist to estimate density of main composition colors.
In addition soft, rough, fluffy textures increase warmth and comfort for these pastel dyes. In such enviroment pastel blocks become more dense, darker and more contrasting rather if we use it onto smooth paper surfaces. It comes this way because paper roughness creates shaded areas – so little ‘dots’ that human eye does not distinct them but detecting only the generally darker shading of colors. As a result every artist must use these textures if you want to make a real high-quality pastel artwork.
If you want your picture to shine and slightly transparents, you can use a lot of shiny, varnished textures.
There are three types of paper
for pastel drawing: rough, type of ‘sandpaper’, which mades for the particular use of Art. Therefore you can find it in very large sizes. Other type of paper is so called pastel board. It consists of very tiny fine cork particles. And the third type of paper is velvet paper – it has slightly rough surface. Velvet paper allows you to use minimum quantity of pastel material and fixative. In additon it populates well known that the fixative ‘kills’ all of the color brightness and perception of the whole painting appearance. You can also use watercolor paper but before using it is very well to tone it with some natual pigment as tea bags or coffee.
Pespectfully corrections usually shows up in the early stages of a drawing process. If you want to remove bigger areas of pastel material you need to use flat hard big brushes. On an art easel a painting has to place vertically in order to remove all excessive material which is not needed any more without stick in it back to the downward parts of drawing image. You can use soft or hard rubber or dough but this is not applicable if you are using velvet kind of paper.
To protect a pastel image from blurring and blowing
it fixes with a appropriate in this case fixative. For this purpose you can fix the image with common hair spray or a special fixative bought from any art shop. Applying two layers of fixative is more than enough. Already fixed drawing loses a bit of the pastel material and colors become darker and deeper.
Do not forget that in the foundation of all pastel colors is white talc pigmented with various kinds of dyes. That’s why all pastel colors lights and what unites them is that the white base gives them all a characteristic whiteness, as if it is powdery.
Pastel colors can produce soft and quiet tones. They are very dense and not transparent at all. The high whiteness ratio in pastel colors allows them to visually enlarge space and perspective. We often percieve them as neutral, even as “invisible”. Eyes do not get tired watching pastel composition. They more or less relax watching it.
For instance, perception of pastel colors tend to vary greatly depending on light. With equally distracted light, they look very bright, but as soon as they fall into shade, they get dark. That is why a pastel picture must hang onto bright walls and rooms.
Pastels goes very expressive, but this achieves through careful styling and compositional decisions.
Two fantastic artworks from Alexandra, incredibly fast delivery from Bulgaria! I love the textures of light and shade in ‘Innocence’ and the visual impact of ‘Love Story’. Although these works are in different style, I do detect an influence of Dali, (my favourite artist). Thank you Alexandra, these are pictures I will never tire of seeing.
Derek Maddock, UK
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©All images are copyright of Alexandra Duhlinska. They may not be downloaded, modified, altered or sold without the express written permission of the artist.